Skin problems are of different kinds. They vary vastly in terms of both severity and the type of symptoms they show. Skin-based disorders can be temporary or permanent, and the pain they inflict upon an individual varies from person to person. If not treated upon immediately, they can continue to grow and can be life-threatening too.
Different forms of skin problems along with their treatments
- Acne (Acne Vulgaris)
For ages, acne has turned out to be the most commonly occurring skin problem across the country. It is a disorder, which is mostly found in teenagers, though adults suffer from it too. Apart from pimples, the presence of blackheads, nodules, and cysts indicate that a person is suffering from acne. One can get acne on one’s back and chest along with one’s face. It would help if one reached out to a dermatologist as soon as one sees any of these symptoms. A medicinal cream called Adapalene Topical (Differin) is found in most medical stores and can be purchased without providing a prescription. If one is suffering from severe acne, doctors may recommend them using Tretinoin topical drugs.
- Shingles (Herpes Zoster)
This is a kind of a virus, which causes a red-colored rash that can also be described as a blister. It is found mostly around one’s torso but can develop on other parts of the body as well. Its appearance on the body is often followed by fatigue, fever, or headache. The United States has long-tested and authorized two specific vaccines to prevent shingles. Zostavax (zoster vaccine live) is a subcutaneous injection to avoid the occurrence of shingles and is recommended to be used by people above the age of 60. Shingrix (herpes zoster subunit vaccine) is recommended for individuals who are above 50. This skin condition can be quite painful. However, treatment at an early stage with an antiviral medication like Valtrex can undoubtedly reduce the symptoms of this skin problem.
- Atopic dermatitis (Eczema)
This is a kind of skin problem mostly found in children or infants. The exact cause behind this disorder has not been found to date, but experts believe that it is either a result of a genetic disorder or is derived from the environment children are in. Its symptoms show up on the face, feet, hands, or in the creases of one’s skin. People who suffer from allergies are most susceptible to this disease. An FDA-approved injection named dupilumab (Regeneron’s Dupixent) has proved to be very effective in curing it. Taking this drug also needs to be accompanied by therapy, which lasts for weeks. Depending on the condition, Dupixent can be consumed with or without topical corticosteroids.
A visibly prominent swelling on the face characterized by the appearance of pimples and blood vessels is referred to as rosacea. Though this disease mostly affects women above the age of 30, it is also found in men. Different kinds of issues with the immune system or the veins can result in this skin problem. It is also caused by being exposed to pollution in the environment and other external factors. Antibiotics like oral doxycycline or metronidazole cream are very effective in minimizing its effects. The azelaic acid gel is useful for curing inflamed pimples. In case of severe cases, doctors recommend a drug called isotretinoin.